A female reproductive system can be affected by many infections, viruses, and diseases. Most of these conditions can cause symptoms that should be evaluated by a doctor. In this article, we have gathered seven common signs of gynecological disorders you should know about.
1. Pelvic pain
Pelvic pain is a quite common issue that affects many women. Pain in the pelvic area can occur before and during periods, during ovulation, and due to many health issues. Mild pain during periods and ovulation is deemed normal while severe cramps and unbearable pain should be evaluated by a doctor.
You should know that there are many gynecological conditions that can cause pelvic pain. The most common of them are:
Ovarian cysts (ovarian cyst rupture)
Sexually transmitted diseases
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
It is important to understand that these conditions can cause severe complications. That's why it is better to visit a gynecologist for a diagnosis and undergo timely treatment.
Spotting is light vaginal bleeding. Even though spotting may seem a mild symptom, it can develop because of many factors. It can occur during ovulation, after sex, or because of certain medical conditions like uterine fibroids, cervical cancer, endometriosis, etc.
3. Pain during sex
Many women experience pain during sex. In most cases, painful sensations are caused by too deep penetration or uncomfortable position. But you should understand that your pain can be caused by some health issues as well.
For example, women with vaginal dryness experience a lack of natural lubrication. This can result in pain, discomfort, and the development of micro-cracks during sex. This condition can be treated with hormonal therapy and estrogen creams.
4. Fertility problems
If you have unprotected sex during a year and can't get pregnant, it means that you may have some fertility issues. There are a lot of gynecological disorders that can affect your fertility. PCOS, endometriosis, adenomyosis, uterine fibroids, and other conditions can interfere with conception and childbearing.
5. Vaginal itching
Vaginal itching usually occurs because of a certain infection that affects a female reproductive system. For example, yeast infections can cause severe itching that is accompanied by thick white vaginal discharge and discomfort.
Some sexually transmitted infections can also cause itching and other symptoms. If you experience itching, it is better to make an appointment with your doctor to define the exact cause of your unpleasant sensations.
6. Pelvic pressure
Pressure in the pelvic area can be caused by adenomyosis, uterine fibroids, and other conditions that cause the enlargement of the uterus. During gynecological check-up, your doctor will examine you and define the cause of pelvic pressure. Timely and proper treatment can help ease your symptoms.
7. Abnormal discharge
Vaginal discharges are a normal part of a menstrual cycle. In most cases, they are usually clear, thin, and odorless. But if your vaginal discharge had changed their color, texture, and/or odor, it can be a sign of some vaginal infection.
If you are infected with sexually transmitted infections, you may have abnormal vaginal discharge that is accompanied by unpleasant genital odor, vaginal itching, rash, and other unpleasant symptoms. If you have noticed at least some of the aforementioned signs, it is better to contact a multi specialty clinic and get tested for STIs as soon as possible. Untreated STIs can affect your pelvic organs and lead to the development of PID.
The bottom line
It is important to understand that many gynecological conditions can develop without any symptoms and cause severe damage to your reproductive system. That's why it is better to visit your gynecologist on a regular basis.