Occupational health and safety is a multidisciplinary profession which deals with the health, safety and welfare of workers. These terminologies most definitely also refer to the objectives of this profession/field, so their utilization in the sense of this article was originally an abbreviation of occupational safety and health department/program etc.
The goals of occupational health and safety programs include supporting a safe and healthy workplace environment. Occupational health and safety may also protect; family members, co-workers, customers, employers and many others who can be affected by the workplace environment. In common-law jurisdictions, employers have a common law duty to take reasonable care (as far as is possible) of their employees’ safety. In addition, statute law can introduce specific duties, impose other general duties and create government bodies with powers to control workplace safety issues. Nevertheless, details of this vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction.
All organizations have a responsibility to ensure that employees and any other person who may be affected by the organization's activities stays safe at all times.
According to the World Health Organization(WHO) "occupational health is concerned with all aspects of health and safety in the work environment and has a core focus on primary prevention of hazards." Health is "a state of complete mental, physical and social well-being and not merely the lack/absence of disease or infirmity." Occupational health is a multidisciplinary field of healthcare that is concerned with allowing an individual to undertake their occupation in a manner that causes least harm to their health. Health has been defined as it contrasts, for instance, with the promotion of safety and health at work, whose primary concern is preventing harm from any hazards, arising in the workplace activities.
Since 1950, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) have shared a common meaning of occupational health. It was implemented by the Joint ILO/WHO Committee on Occupational Health at its first meeting in 1950 and revised at its twelfth meeting in 1995.
"The main focus in occupational health centered on three different goals: (a) the promotion and maintenance of workers’ working and health capacity; (b) the amelioration of work practices and working environment to become suitable to safety and health and (iii) development of working cultures and work organizations in a path which supports health and safety at work here by promoting a smooth operation and positive social climate and may improve productivity of the undertakings. The concept of working culture is used in this context to signify a reflection of the essential value systems utilized by the undertaking concerned. Such a culture is shown in practice in the personnel policy, managerial systems, principles for participation, quality management of the undertaking and training policies."
Professionals in the field of occupational health come from a wide range of professions and disciplines including psychology, medicine,epidemiology, rehabilitation and physiotherapy and rehabilitation,human factors and ergonomics,occupational medicine and many others. Professionals provide consultation on a broad spectrum of occupational health issues. These include how to avoid particular already existing conditions causing a problem in carrying out a task, frequency of rest breaks, correct posture for the work, control measures to be used, safe work practices etc.
Occupational health should aim at promoting and maintaining to the highest extend, mental, physical and social well-being of workers in all professions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks emanating from factors that adversely affect their health; the prevention sick leaves amongst workers due to bad working conditions; the maintenance and placing of the worker in a working environment adapted to his psychological and physiological capabilities; and, to summarize, ergonomic assessment of a worker to his job.
How to start your HSE training consultancy
Starting a safety training consulting business usually entails creating a business plan describing the services you intend to sell out, your financial information and potential clients. Utilizing their experience in health and safety norms and procedures, safety consultants most often work with clients, such as construction companies, to ensure emergency procedures and safety policies are followed in accordance with local, state and federal regulations.
Utilize the resources made available by the National Association of Safety Professionals to become certified. For instance, the Safety Manager Trainer Certification enables you to act as a safety expert, consult with your clients about how to avoid civil and criminal liability for accidents or injuries and conduct safety training. You also learn how to interpret and apply the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s regulations and provide consulting advice.
Ascertain your preparedness for starting your own safety training consulting business by utilizing the assessment tool available at the Small Business Administration website. You can expect to travel frequently, conducting on-site training sessions and inspecting your clients’ sites.
Build up your business plan. Include an executive summary that describes your experience and skills in conducting on-site safety and health checks as well as training. Also include a market analysis and describe your potential client’s needs. Enumerate your staff and their qualifications as well. Include financial details so that you can obtain the necessary finance to start up your safety training consulting business.
Create promotional materials such as brochures and flyers, to describe your safety training business. Create presentation materials. Your course descriptions should contain, learning objectives, an overview and a list of the safety regulations covered by your training program. Give lectures, job aids self-paced training. For instance, create support materials for a one-day seminar that enables participants to identify their responsibilities regarding OSHA standards and on-the-job safety (OJS). Utilize the resources provided by the National Clearing house for Worker health and Safety Training to build your training materials.
Create a sample safety training consulting contract (you can use download free templates available online). You can decide to create your own format. Make sure that your contract provides details about what services you are offering, when you expect to be paid and when you will offer them. Create a mechanism to receive payment for your services.
Use the resources available on the online to obtain the necessary licenses to operate in your area, structure your business and set up your business so you can pay your taxes.