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Male Cancer Treatment in India - Prostate and breast cancer

Cancer is a life-threatening disease. It both physically and financially wears out the person. Cancer can be benign cancer (noncancerous) and malignant cancer (cancerous). Cancer treatment in India is the most preferred choice among medical tourists as the cost of the treatment is comparatively lowest compared to other western countries in the world. Prostate cancer treatment cost in India ranges from $5,000 and above depending on the type of treatment and health condition of the patient. 

Prostate cancer is a very common type of cancer in men. Breast cancer most commonly occurs in women but it may occur in men too. Only 1% of men account to suffer from breast cancer in the world. Men too have breast tissue which can become cancerous. 

 

Prostate cancer:

Prostate cancer occurs when the tumor cells in the tissues of the prostate gland develop which are situated in the urinary bladder in men. Prostate cancer occurs in men in the age of 50 years and above but the risk increases with the age. 

 

Symptoms of prostate cancer:

Following are the symptoms of prostate cancer:

 

  • Frequent urination

  • Erectile dysfunction

  • Fatigue

  • Change in bowel habits

  • Pain in the back, hip, or pelvic 

  • Sudden weight loss

  • Blood in urine or semen or bone 

  • Constant urge of urination especially at night 

  • Pain while urinating or ejaculating 

 

Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute is the most preferred prostate cancer hospital in India. 

 

Causes of prostate cancer:

Researchers are yet to find the exact cause of prostate cancer. But following factors are said to influence prostate cancer:

 

  • Age factor

  • Family history

  • Obesity

  • Smoking

  • Eating high-fat food

  • Low level of Vitamin D

  • Swelling or inflammation of the prostate

 

Cancer treatment in India for Prostate Cancer:

Following are the options of prostate cancer treatment in India, which might be used at different times depending on the stage of cancer and the current health status of the patient. 

 

  • Active surveillance or watchful waiting:

In many cases, prostate cancer grows slowly and hence immediate medical intervention may not be required. For the low growth of prostate cancer, doctors will recommend watchful waiting and active surveillance. This means that the cancer is monitored closely by keeping a tab on the symptoms and performing regular testing to decide the cancer treatment in India. 

 

  • Surgery:

If cancer hasn't spread outside the prostate gland and nearby tissues, then radical prostatectomy surgery is performed, in which the surgeon will remove the entire prostate gland, few lymph nodes, and the tissues around it. This surgery can be carried out by robotic approach or laparoscopic approach leading to faster recovery and less pain. Surgery is the most common prostate cancer treatment in India. 

 

  • Radiation Therapy:

Radiation therapy is the use of an X-ray machine to destroy cancer cells. This therapy can be divided into two namely brachytherapy (internal radiation) and external beam radiation. In external beam radiation, high-energy X-ray beams are directed at a tumor from outside the body. In Brachytherapy, the doctor will place a radioactive source directly inside or near the tumor. 

 

  • Hormone Therapy:

Hormone therapy is used to reduce the level of male hormones as well as restrain them from affecting the prostate cancer cells. This therapy is also known to be Androgen Suppression Therapy and Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT). 

 

  • Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy is the usage of injection or oral pills to destroy cancer cells and reduce the size of the tumor. This is the most common type of cancer treatment. 

 

  • Vaccination:

Provenge is the cancer vaccine given to boost the body’s immunity system to attack the prostate cancer cells. This vaccination is personalized for every patient using their own white blood cells. Prostate cancer treatment cost varies between $5,000 to $8,000 which is very less compared to other nations in the world. 

Apollo hospital is yet another prostate cancer hospital in India. The treatment options include surgery and radical prostatectomy. 

 

Male breast cancer:

Symptoms of Male breast cancer:

 

  • Painless lump under the nipple usually in one breast

  • Ulceration

  • Discharge from the nipple

  • Dimpling and puckering of the breast

  • Redness or inflammation in the nipple or tissue of the breast 

  • Pain and swelling in the lymph nodes 

  • Severe bone pain 



Causes of Male breast cancer:

There are many factors leading to the development of breast cancer in men: 

 

  • Age

  • Exposure to estrogen

  • Family history

  • Conditions that increase estrogen in the body 

 

Cancer treatment in India for breast cancer: 

If you have any symptoms of male breast cancer, your doctor will perform a screening test to check if it’s cancer and provide treatment for the same. Your doctor, while investigating breast cancer, will ask about family history and personal medical history. Height also suggests some diagnoses such as mammogram, clinical breast examination ultrasound, MRI, or biopsy. All these tests confirm whether you have breast cancer or not. These tests take pictures of your tissues inside of the breast to detect cancerous cells. 

 

Following are cancer treatment in India your doctor will recommend:

 

  • Surgery:

Surgery is the most common cure for breast cancer. There are several types of surgeries such as modified radical mastectomy, breast-sparing surgery. Your doctor will recommend various types of surgery and which is the most suitable one for you. 

 

  1. Breast Sparing Surgery: 

In this surgery, your surgeon will remove the cancer cells without having to remove the breast. This surgery is also known as a partial mastectomy, segmental mastectomy, lumpectomy, and breast-conserving surgery. After this surgery, some men also get radiotherapy to kill cancer cells that were left during the surgery. 

 

  1. Radical Mastectomy: 

In this surgery, your surgeon will remove the breast or as much breast tissue as possible. In most cases, surgeons also remove lymph nodes under the arms, the lining over the chest muscle, and at times part of the chest wall muscle. Some males with breast cancer may also have to go through radiation therapy after this surgery to kill the remaining cancer cells.  

Surgery causes tenderness and pain. Your doctor will prescribe you medicines to ease out the pain. 

 

  • Radiation therapy:

The use of high energy rays to destroy cancer cells in radiation therapy. Treatment depends on the size and other variables of the tumour.

 

  • Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy is the way to kill the cancer cells and stop them from dividing cells either through injection or by giving drugs. The drugs or the injection that flows through the blood inside the body. 

 

  • Hormone therapy:

Hormone therapy is the way to remove hormones to stop cancer cells from dividing. 

 

  • Targeted therapy:

As the name suggests, it’s a treatment that uses drugs and other substances to identify and attack specific cancerous cells. This therapy causes less harm to normal cells than radiation and chemotherapy. 

Before starting the treatment, you might want to reconsider your cancer treatment in India and seek a second opinion. You have to collect all your investigation files including biopsy, pathology reports, mammogram files, and proposed treatment plans. Many insurance companies do cover a second opinion if your doctor has asked to get it done. If your doctor suggests you wait for the treatment then you must take a chance for a second opinion.

Website:https://hbgmedicalassistance.com/
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