Theory behind Minimally Invasive Lumbar Spine Surgery

By Scott Dhupar

Spinal discectomy has come up as one of the most common surgeries for spine problems that people often go through. Approximately 1% of the global population is suffering from herniated lumbar disc along with sciatica at some point of time in their life.

Though, only a handful of individuals dealing with sciatica need to go for spinal lumbardiscectomy surgery, but if it becomes inevitable then the question arises, whether the surgery can be non invasive? And what are the benefits of Minimally Invasive Lumbar Spine Surgery ?

You might really like to hear the term minimally invasive cervical spine surgery as it gives you vision of no blood loss, minimal incision that too of the size of the pinhead and most importantly the vision of waking up within minutes after the surgery. But in reality only some parts of your vision is true when it comes to minimally invasive lumbar spine surgery.

The concept of minimally invasive cervical spine surgery came into existence almost a decade before, since then it has been evolving with better instrumentation and care techniques. Today, surgeons use plastic tubes to operate on their patient, which helps in spreading on muscles, instead of cutting through their muscles and splitting them open completely. Further, surgeons use their headlights to look down the tube and then use excellent performance suction devices, which are meant for pulling tissue out of the way. But is this enough to answer your question about the benefits of minimally invasive cervical spine surgery.

To further clarify on your query, several studies have been performed to look at the effectiveness of the minimally invasive spine surgery and it has come to the lime light that blood loss in minimally invasive surgery, and a normal spine surgery is pretty much equal. Also, neither patient has shown any significant improvement in the recovery time with minimally invasive surgery. Though nothing definitive has come out of these studies.

No matter what studies show, minimally invasive lumbar spine surgery is not going anywhere anytime soon. Also, the surgery is relatively new, thus it needs larger studies to prove its benefits. Theoretically, there should be less pain after the surgery along with quicker recovery time and less harm to patient’s musculature.

For now, many anecdotal reports from patients have proved that they are doing much better with minimally invasive surgical procedure and the results are also exceptional. It means, patients will still go for this surgery even if it comes with its own share of small risks associated with it.

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