Are psychology for filmmakers different relaxation techniques than drinking vodka or something more? We write about this and the latest book "Pychology of achievements for filmmakers" by Aleksandra Zienowicz-Wielebska and Ewa Serwotka in the latest Film M
The creators often emphasize the importance of the psychological sphere on the screen as part of the character's life. However, little is said about psychological mechanisms in the film industry. Directors, at the stage of film school, don't even have a subject like psychology. So how can psychology help to create cinematic art? When does it support the creator and the film?
Psychologists Aleksandra Zienowicz and Ewa Serwotka in the book "Psychology of achievements for filmmakers" describe the Model of Effective Work of the members of the film team, which was created on the basis of interviews with filmmakers. It does not guarantee making a good movie. It presents the psychological skills that are conducive to this job. Only getting to know and naming the psychological mechanisms makes it possible to look for an appropriate solution. However, it is worth remembering that a good change is not a quick solution in a short time. The development of the psychological sphere is not fast food, it takes time.
What is important to filmmakers? Working in the film is mostly based on contradictions. Andrzej Wajda repeated that the director is a combination of a corporal and a poet, because on the one hand you are addicted to people, and on the other, terribly lonely. You have to make a good film in the shortest possible time, within the resources at your disposal. Fast, good and cheap at the same time. Filmmakers live in two parallel worlds. When a movie is made, there is no time for anything else. It is difficult to return to normal reality afterwards. The director should think analytically, not with emotions. Yes, to focus on the whole story that he wants to tell the viewer. It is better to leave emotions in the hands of the actor, who should train them intensively, then his range of offers to offer grows. Psychological research shows that the human brain does not recognize an emotion that is fake from the real one. Therefore, it costs an actor a lot to imagine his own death and then act out this scene. On the one hand, it broadens the imagination and self-awareness, teaches life. On the other hand, it is psychologically burdensome. Psychology could be a huge support in training and understanding their emotions, especially young filmmakers who are just building their workshop. Art cannot be done safely. The director should take risks. Get out of your psychological comfort zone. The ability to change your own visions is also important. That is why Krzysztof Kieślowski “was able to kill his beloved child”, so that during the editing stage he threw out the scene he liked the most from the film. Then, new spaces opened up in the film's story that he had not noticed before. Writers also operate in two contradictory states. They must lose their distance, that is, think with their character. At the same time, maintaining this distance to assess whether what they wrote is interesting.
There are no rules in the movie. A bad director can make a good movie from a great script. The film is teamwork. You have to cooperate. Not only to talk, but most of all to talk. The movie won't come out if it only has fantastic sound or picture. The common agreement code is important. In psychology, the so-called phenomenon of emergence arises thanks to the interaction between individual members of the team, for example, the actor and the director. As a result, a new, additional quality is created. Each member of the team comes close to the director's vision, while maintaining their individuality. You can then achieve something impossible to create alone. What is important is the synergy effect in the group, i.e. mutual understanding. This happens when the filmmakers have the same blood type. It turns out then that the cooperation of all brings better results than the sum of actions taken alone. So in the movie, two plus two equals five.
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