The heart valve replacement surgery is the replacement of one or more of the heart valves with either an artificial valve or a bioprosthesis. It is a specialized surgery, which is performed for treating the abnormalities such as mitral regurgitation (MR) or aortic stenosis. This surgery is an alternative to the heart valve repair.
Types of Procedure:
There are four procedures, includes:
Pulmonary valve which is located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.
Mitral valve that is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle.
Tricuspid valve that is located between the right atrium and the right ventricle.
Aortic valve which is located between the left ventricle and aorta.
If the heart valve(s) become diseased or damaged, a person may experience the following symptoms:
Edema or swelling of the feet, ankles, or abdomen
Rapid weight gain due to fluid retention
Preparations for the heart valve replacement:
Your doctor will explain about the surgery and offer you the opportunity to ask any questions that you have about this surgery. Your doctor will go through your complete medical history and perform a physical examination to ensure that you are in good health before undergoing this procedure. You will be asked to fast for 8 hours before the surgery, usually after the midnight. Notify your doctor if you are pregnant, sensitive or allergic to any medications, anaesthetic agents, etc. Also inform your doctor about the history of bleeding disorders or if you are taking any anticoagulant medications. You will be asked to stop smoking as soon as before the procedure.
What happens during the surgery?
During the heart replacement surgery, you will need to stay in a hospital. This procedure may vary depending on your condition and the doctor’s practices. An IV line will be started in your arm or hand. More catheters will be inserted in the neck and wrist to monitor the status of your heart and blood pressure and to obtain the blood samples. The alternative sites for the additional catheters include the groin and the subclavian area i.e. under the collarbone. Once the patient is on bypass, an incision is made on the aorta and then the surgeon will remove the diseased aortic valve of the patient and put a mechanical or biological tissue valve in its place. The aorta will be closed and the patient is taken off the heart-lung machine. Pacing wires are put in place so that the heart can be manually paced in case of any complications arising post surgery. A mitral valve replacement is performed for treating severe cases of mitral valve prolapse, heart valve stenosis or other valvular diseases.
What to expect post heart valve replacement?
After the completion of the surgery, your heart starts beating on its own. All the incisions made during the surgery will be sewn or stapled close. You will spend some time in the ICU where you’ll be closely monitored to make sure there are no complications. You’ll be then moved to another room in the hospital where your family and friends can visit you.
Why Choose India for heart valve replacement?
The best heart valve replacement surgery is performed in India at the hands of highly skilled and experienced cardiac surgeons. The cost of the procedure is quite affordable compared to that offered in other developed nations. India is a home to the most advanced technological environment for the aortic valve replacement surgery, having a higher success rate for the cardiac surgery procedures.
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