In scoliosis, the spine bends to one side and it can affect any part of the spine, but the chest and the lower back region are the most common areas which get affected by scoliosis. It often appears during puberty and sometimes corrects itself with the growth of the body throughout puberty. Surgery is not necessarily needed. Only a few people with scoliosis need surgery. It is known to be more common among females than in males.
What is scoliosis?
The shape determines the possibility of scolioses such as a C- or S-shaped curve in the spine indicates scoliosis. It is most common from the age of 10 to 12, or during the teens, but infants or newborn can sometimes show its symptoms too. The exact cause behind scoliosis is known, but most of the cases are linked to cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or a birth defect.
The severity of scoliosis depends upon the curve, larger the curve greater the risk of its worsening.
The location of the curve decides the condition. The curve which is located in the center of the spine gets worse compared with curves in the lower or upper section.
If the bones have matured or the bones have stopped growing then the risk of worsening scoliosis is less
What kind of treatment is given in scoliosis?
Casting- It is done in infants. Casting can help the infant’s spine to go back to its original position while it grows. Casting is done with the help of making cast outside the patient’s body with the help of the plaster of Paris. But the cast has to be changed timely as the child grows rapidly.
Braces- In cases where patients have moderate scoliosis and their bones are still growing, doctors might recommend braces as they prevent future curvature, but don’t cure or reverse it.
Chiropractic treatment- Visiting chiropractor who specializes in scoliosis can help relieve the pain and discomfort of scoliosis.
Exercises- Various exercises help with scoliosis. However, they all aim to realign the spine, rib cage, shoulders, and pelvis, to achieve the proper posture.