Nephrotic syndrome occurs when the tiny filters of kidneys get damaged and they allow protein present in plasma to leak with urine. A normal person releases a protein of less than 150 mg per day. But as soon as this count increases, the body starts reacting and invites disorders to attack the immune system.
This leakage of protein reduces the count of protein in the blood. When the amount of protein decreases in the bloodstream it can bring a lot of deficiency and disorders.
The Epidemiology of Nephrotic syndrome:
Pathophysiology: Patients consider Nephrotic syndrome as diseases but it is a disorder that damages the Glomerulus, tiny filters of kidneys. The damage caused then releases nutrients and wastes along with the protein that is acquired by kidneys and other body organs.
Causes: Researchers in the past have found the following causes of Nephrotic syndrome:
Diabetes is a type of disease that is the base of getting caught by kidney diseases. It decreases the production of insulin and the necessary energy providing elements that are necessary for the functioning of kidneys and the organs of a renal system.
Lupus is the inflammation in the different organs of the body that includes kidneys and damage to the blood vessel of kidneys.
FSGS or Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis is a disease where glomeruli of the kidneys are traumatized by the genetic defects.
The following symptoms that can help in identifying the condition of Nephrotic syndrome: • Weakness • Tiredness • Loss of appetite • Pale or itchy skin • Foamy or frothy urine • Lack of concentration • Swelling in the body; mostly in feet & hands
Complications & Risk Factors:
The following conditions have been listed as the complications of Nephrotic syndrome:
The following are the risk factors stated for the Nephrotic syndrome:
• Medical conditions that can damage your kidneys • Certain medications • Certain infections
Tests to identify the situation:
Four tests have been helpful till now to diagnose the damage this disorder has done to kidneys:
• Blood test: to know the amount of protein left in the blood. • Urine test: to know the amount of protein that is being leaked out from the urine in a day or once. • Kidney biopsy: to know the physical condition of kidneys by taking out a sample tissue of kidneys. • Imaging test: to know the physical condition of kidneys by images and X-RAYs.
Allopathic medicament for this disorder helps in retaining the protein by providing supplements and syrups. But will not help in preventing this disorder in the future. The main focus is to work on the causing symptoms of Nephrotic syndrome. The allopathic doctors say that it is a type of disorder that can’t be cured and can only be maintained.
However, Ayurveda contradicts the theory and provides the guaranteed results for any disease and disorder by working on the root causes of disease and disorders.
Ayurveda has its way of identifying the diseases and causes by focusing on the type of “Dosha” and different channels of the body. Kidneys are a part of the “Mutravaha srotra” channel described in the books of Ayurveda.
Following are the guidelines and dietary instructions provided by Kidney Expert Dr. Puneet Dhawan to treat the disorder:
• Limit your intake of protein: A diseased person can consume only 1 gm of protein in a day and hence it is recommended that if you are going to consume more than the said amount, consult your nephrologist. • Limit your intake of sodium: It is one of the common guidelines that Karma Ayurveda provides to its kidney patients. Sodium and phosphorus are the two electrolytes that are advised to consume in limited amounts only. Replacing common salt with rock salt can help a lot in maintaining the healthy condition of kidneys. • Consume only homemade food.
Following are the food choices that a common kidney patient can consume: