A female vice-president in Iran? This is not a first in the history of the Islamic Republic since 1997 Massoumeh Ebtekar, spokeswoman of the Iranian students during the taking of hostages at the embassy of the United States in 1979 and a well known activist, was appointed vice president for environmental protection by the reformist Mohammad Khatami. The fact remains that the appointment by the President Hassan Rohani, last Monday, Dr. Elham Aminzadeh as vice president for legal affairs marks a milestone in the integration of women in the political life of the country.
If the appointment is approved by parliament, Elham Aminzadeh be among the two vice-presidents chosen by the Head of State to assist in the management of the executive, the other being the Senior Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri. In early August, Hassan Rohani announced plans to surround himself with experienced technocrats, with the aim of addressing the sanctions that have hit economy hard and restore good relations with the West on the nuclear issue. He welcomed the "scientific skills and qualifications in the legal field" of Elham Aminzadeh "and her legislative experience and moral merits," says the Iranian Fars News Agency.
She holds a doctorate in law from the University of Glasgow, the future vice president is a law professor at Allameh Tabatabaei University in Tehran. Her doctoral thesis was entitled "The United Nations, peace and security: a legal analysis and practice." Elham Aminzadeh was also member of the Conservative camp "Majlis", in the Iranian parliament, between 2004 and 2008, and President of the Parliamentary Committee on National Security and Foreign Affairs.
Member of the Conservative camp
Elham Aminzadeh was initially absent from the government presented Sunday, August 4. The site of the information chain Bloomberg suggests it was named after the criticism against Hassan Rohani, whose campaign was widely supported by women voters. Then presidential candidate, he was the only one to address the issue of women in the society. However, the designation of the former member as Vice-President could not meet women's rights activists, who believe that politicians are often conservative or ultra-conservative.
The appointment of the Vice-Presidents, and the composition of the new cabinet, must still be approved by MPs, after three days of debate during which the president defends his choice of ministers and vice-presidents. The procedure can drop a few named: in 2009, three candidates for the office of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad were rejected by the "Majlis" and nine in 2011.