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Human body anatomy

By Ira

Human body anatomy is one of the main basic sciences of medicine. It studies the structure of organisms and their parts including their system, organs and tissues.  It is a progressive understanding process of the functioning of human organs and their structure. Human body contains many systems and they carry out specific functions necessary for everyday living. the biological systems like respiratory system, digestive system, circulatory system and nerves system, reproductive system, urinary system, immune system, lymphatic systems, endocrine system, cardiovascular system, muscular system, skeletal system, integumentary system etc.

Circulatory system works through heart. It consists blood, blood vessels, arteries and veins. It moves nutrients, oxygen, hormonesaround the body through blood.

Endocrine system has eight major glands which secretes hormones into the Nervous System Anatomy by that they help to regulate various body function like metabolism and growth.

Immune system includes white blood cells, bone marrow, lymphocytes that helps to defend our body harmful outer bodies like bacteria, virus and other pathogens.

Nerves system controls different body parts using central nerves system and peripheral nerves system. Brain and spinal cord comes under central nerves system.

Muscular system deals with the functions of muscles. Human body contains total 650 muscles that help in blood flow, movement and other body functions. These muscles are three types skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscles.

Reproductive system allows to reproduce. It produce sperm for male and ovaries for female.

Human body is supported by skeletal system which contains 206 bones and are connected with ligaments, cartilage and tendons. Teeth are also part of skeletal system.

Diaphragm, lungs and Trachea comes under respiratory system. It helps in intake of oxygen and expel of carbon dioxide in breathing.

Functioning of all parts of human body is studied like anatomy of human throat and its functions and functions of other body parts like head, neck, arms, hands, legs, and feet. Human organ anatomy is very complex process. Human body have five main organs like brain which is control canter for body.  Heart, it pumps blood throughout the body, Lungs, it transfers oxygen through blood.Liver, it purifies blood.And kidney, it purifies waste in human body.They support each other for survival. Every organ has its own system and is connected with another system. Gaining knowledge about blood vessels is very important because they play main role to help organs to work well. Some of them are trunk artery, superior vena cava, right pulmonary artery, left pulmonary artery, right pulmonary veins, left pulmonary veins, left subclavian artery, left internal jugular vein, left common carotid artery, aortic arch, left atrium, left coronary artery etc.

Human muscle anatomy includes Human Foot Anatomy, human leg anatomy etc. Muscle anatomy looks simple from outside but it is very complex while studying deep. As shoulder joint is the most mobile joint in the body shoulder muscle anatomy faces many complications, even though human foot anatomy looks simple but going beneath the skin it is a difficult process.

Human nerves system is a highway through which brain sends and receives information and nerve sends impulses.

They use different methods for examining like x-rays, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging.

 

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