India is an agricultural country as the agriculture sector is contributing approx. 20 per cent in the GDP. Farmers are expecting significant announcements relating to agriculture policies from the current government as they promised to increase farmers' income by 2022.today, most of the farmers in India face poverty due to expensive machinery. To avoid this issue, one can go withSwaraj 742 Tractor. The Indian agricultural sector has undergone significant changes in the last few years. Digitalisation and new technologies are helping bring about a difference in the agriculture sector. In the last few years, we have seen horticulture production overtake cereal production, which indicates that Indian farmers are shifting towards the market's needs. This sector will undoubtedly get more attention in the coming year, given that some agriculture-intensive states will be going to the polls. We will discuss problems faced by the farmers, the condition of the agriculture sector and government initiatives for the agriculture sector.
MAJOR PROBLEMS FACED BY THE FARMERS
1. Poor infrastructure in the agriculture sector -The main reason for low productivity in the agriculture sector is the lack of modern infrastructure, which causes soil erosion and land degradation. Expected results could not be achieved.
2. Poor transportation facility - Adequate transportation is the must condition in agriculture, but unfortunately, no. of villages in India are not connected with the roads, which cause wastage of production
3. Lack of capital - Money investment is needed for advanced technology through which maximisation of productivity can be achieved. Still, in India, farmers do not have sufficient means with them, and no proper loan facilities are available, so they take it from money lenders in the exchange of high interest and fall into the trap.
4. Lack of mechanism - Mechanism does not mean that one has to go with expensive technologies. On the contrary, farmers should use the technology according to their needs, like the Swaraj 855 Tractor, which is reliable in every field.
CONDITION OF AGRICULTURE SECTOR IN INDIA
Even today, the agriculture sector is not developed and facing many problems, as discussed above.
The agriculture sector contributes 1/5 of the GDP. Still, inadequate irrigation systems cause low productivity, due to which the Indian economy suffers. Most farmers are illiterate, have less knowledge of agriculture, and suffer from poverty due to current agricultural practices that are not economical and practical. Lack of knowledge of farmers causes them the high cost and lower productivity. Increased cost, price uncertainty, lack of knowledge and poor mechanism are the central issues for the agriculture sector in India.
GOVERNMENT'S INITIATIVE FOR AGRICULTURE SECTOR
1. As per Union Budget 2021-22, Rs. 4,000 crore was allocated towards implementing Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY-PDMC)
2. The Ministry of Food Processing has been allocated Rs. 1,308.66 crore in the Union Budget 2021-22.
3. The Government of India has allowed 100% FDI in the marketing of food products and food product E-commerce under the automatic route.
4. In September 2019, Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi launched the National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP), expected to eliminate foot and mouth disease (FMD) and brucellosis in livestock.
5. In October 2020, the government announced a common data infrastructure for farmers in the country. PMFBY (Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana), PM Kisan and the Soil Health Card will be integrated through a shared database, along with land record details.
So we can see that the condition of the agriculture sector is not good in India due to several issues like unaffordable machinery except John Deere 5105 Tractor .Still, few essential steps were taken by the government for boosting the agricultural economy.
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