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10 Major Roles of Human Resources Department in Any Organization

By Helena

The role of human resources (HR) has been evolving for some time. From "personnel" to "human resources," HR is a source of expertise on people issues in a business. HR functions enable organisations to maximise the contribution of people to the delivery of the organisation's goals.

HR has become a strategic partner with the leaders of the business-to contribute to significant business decisions, advice on critical transitions, and develop the value of the employees-in short, to have a seat at the table. It is there to formulate policy and practice on people issues.

Below are the main roles of human resources in any organizations especially with businesses:

Strategic Partner

In this role, the HR person contributes to the development of and the accomplishment of the organization-wide business plan and objectives. The objectives of HR are established to support the attainment of the overall strategic business plan and objectives. When HR professionals are aligned with the business, the personnel component of the organization is thought about as a strategic contributor to business success.

Elaborate the Compensation and Benefits

Like employee and labor relations, the compensation and benefits functions of HR often can be handled by one HR specialist with dual expertise. On the compensation side, the HR functions include setting compensation structures and evaluating competitive pay practices.

The HR specialist also may negotiate group health coverage rates with insurers and coordinate activities with the retirement savings fund administrator. Payroll can be a component of the compensation and benefits section of HR; however, in many cases, employers outsource such administrative functions as payroll.

Responsible for Training

Training employee is important to help the new hires get acquainted with the organization’s work pattern. It is imperative for the HR department to incorporate a training program for every new employee based on the skill set required for their job. It will further also contribute towards employee motivation and retention. This training will not only be of assistance to the employee but also give the HR team an insight into the employee’s workmanship. On completion of the training, HR plays a significant role in assessing the results of the training program and grading employees on the same.

Employee Advocate

As an employee sponsor or advocate, the HR manager plays an integral role in organizational success via his knowledge about and advocacy of people. This advocacy includes expertise in how to create a work environment in which people will choose to be motivated, contributing, and happy.

Fostering effective methods of goal setting, communication and empowerment through responsibility, builds employee ownership of the organization. The HR professional helps establish the organizational culture and climate in which people have the competency, concern, and commitment to serve customers well.

Works with Compliance

Compliance with labor and employment laws is a critical HR function. Noncompliance can result in workplace complaints based on unfair employment practices, unsafe working conditions and general dissatisfaction with working conditions that can affect productivity and ultimately, profitability. HR staff must be aware of federal and state employment laws.

Professional Development

Closely related to training, developing your employees professionally is an added bonus for the employee as well as the organization. Enrolling the employee to attend conferences, trade shows, seminars etc that may be in his personal interest will make the employee feel cared-for and a vital part of the organization, thus increasing employee engagement. It will be beneficial to the organization by way of the employee’s added skill set. It is the HR head’s job to get to know the employee’s hobbies and areas of interest and look out for opportunities that will help them build onto those hobbies.

Resolves Conflicts

Where different people have different views, conflicts are almost inevitable. Whether the dispute is amongst two or more employees or between the employee and the management, an HR manager has the right to intervene and help map out a solution.

The HR should be available at the disposal of the conflicting parties and hear out their issues without being judgmental. A reimbursement in case of any loss caused and strict actions against the defaulter should be practiced for effective conflict resolution by the HRM.

Gives Performance Appraisals

HRM encourages the people working in an organisation, to work according to their potential and gives them suggestions that can help them to bring about improvement in it. The team communicates with the staff individually from time to time and provides all the necessary information regarding their performances and also defines their respective roles. This is beneficial as it enables them to form an outline of their anticipated goals in much clearer terms and thereby, helps them execute the goals with best possible efforts. Performance appraisals, when taken on a regular basis, motivate the employees. It makes the employees stay longer in the company. If Human Resources manager will have a good compensation package and benefits, everyone will be happy on workplace.

Organize Important Events

They ensure that workplace activities, events, celebrations, ceremonies, field trips, and team building opportunities are occurring. Other employees plan and implement the activities with or without HR's help, but the HR leader is generally responsible for monitoring the budget and providing committee oversight.

Keeping Management Focused on their Job

HR is important for managers so that they can stay focused on their job. There is a lot of new regulation that came out this year that affects businesses. One role of HR in a company is to unravel the byzantine employment regulations using their expertise and to advise management about how they affect the business. They then update business practices so the company is compliant. This is no easy feat. 

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