Tossing and turning in bed at night, seems like an eternity when you can’t sleep. This might happen once in a blue moon but if it’s happening every night, then it’s an indication of sleep disorder.
There are several different types of sleep disorders, like:
Insomnia: Person suffering from insomnia finds difficulty in sleeping. There are various factors that lead to this problem, majorly jet lag, stress, anxiety, hormones or digestive problems. Insomnia effects the health and quality of our life, possibly causing:
1- Depression 2- Irritation 3- Increase in body weight 4- Difficulty in concentration
In India, insomnia is common among 9-12 percent in adults on a chronic basis and 25 percent in elderly people. In females the number is doubled as compared to of males. Insomnia is further classified into 3 categories:
Chronic Insomnia: In this condition, the effected person finds it difficult to sleep for a month. Intermittent Insomnia: Intermittent insomnia occurs periodically. Transient Insomnia: Transient insomnia lasts for some few nights at a time. Sleep Apnea: In this sleep disorder, the body gets less oxygen, which cause pauses in breathing during sleep. It is considered as of one the serious medical condition. It can leads to disturbed sleeps at night. Parasomnia: In this, the person goes through abnormal movement and behaviors during his/her sleep like:
1- Sleepwalking 2- Sleep talking 3- Groaning 4- Nightmares 5- Bedwetting 6- Grinding of teeth 7- Clenching of jaw
Restless Leg Syndrome: RLS is a sleep disorder in which the person experiences an immense urge to move the legs. At time this urge is lead by tingling sensation in the legs. These symptoms can occur in day time but are more frequent at nights. The exact cause for the urge of moving legs is still not known but certain health conditions including ADHD and Parkinson’s diseases can be one of the major reasons.
Narcolepsy: Narcolepsy is also known as “Sleep Attacks”. In these situations, the person feels extremely tired and fall asleep with any prior warnings. This disorder many a times causes sleep paralysis, which doesn’t allow a person to move physically right after waking up.
A doctor uses various medical tests to gather information about the symptoms. These tests include:
Polysomnography: it is a sleep study in which the doctor evaluates the level of oxygen, the movement of the body and the brain waves, for the determination of how these factors disturb the sleep of a person.
Electroencephalogram: in this test the doctor assesses the electrical activity in the brain which helps in the detection of any potential problem associated in the brain.
Genetic testing of blood: blood tests are done to diagnose narcolepsy and other health conditions that are leading to disturbance during sleeping.
Medical Treatment and change in the lifestyle are the major triggers that can help in treating sleep disorders.
Medical treatment includes:
1- Sleeping pills 2- Melatonin supplements 3- Medication for cold and allergy 4- Breathing device
Change in lifestyle method includes:
1- Reducing the intake of sugar and adding more vegetables and fish in the diet 2- Regular exercising for the reduction of stress 3- Intake of water should be less before bedtime 4- Caffeine intake should be limited, especially during late afternoon and evening 5- Tobacco and alcohol intake should be decreased down 6- Low carbohydrates meals should be added before bedtime 7- Regular sleeping schedule should be maintained
Going to bed on time and waking up at proper time every day can help to maintain and improve the sleep quality.